Asphalt Aggregate Specification Chart: A Comprehensive Guide

The Asphalt Aggregate Specification Chart is an invaluable resource for the construction industry, providing a comprehensive guide to the specifications of asphalt aggregates. This chart serves as a reliable reference for engineers, contractors, and suppliers involved in road construction and maintenance projects. With detailed information on various types of aggregates, their physical properties, and recommended specifications, this guide enables professionals to make informed decisions in selecting the right materials for their asphalt projects. Whether it's for highway paving, airport runways, or parking lots, this chart is an essential tool to ensure the durability, performance, and sustainability of asphalt surfaces.

What Are the Physical Properties of Aggregate in Asphalt Mixture?

When it comes to the physical properties of aggregate in asphalt mixture, there are several key factors to consider. One of the most important aspects is the mineralogical composition of the aggregate. Different minerals have different properties, such as hardness and durability, which can affect the overall strength and longevity of the asphalt.

Dustiness is another physical property that should be taken into account. Excessive dust in the aggregate can lead to poor compaction and reduced performance of the asphalt mixture. It’s important to ensure that the aggregate is clean and free from excessive fines in order to achieve optimal results.

Porosity is a key physical property that can affect the permeability and durability of the asphalt mixture. A higher porosity can lead to increased water infiltration, which can ultimately result in the degradation of the asphalt binder and the pavement structure. It’s therefore important to use aggregates with a low porosity to ensure the long-term performance of the asphalt pavement.

Frost resistance is another important consideration for the physical properties of aggregate in asphalt mixture, especially in regions with freezing temperatures. Aggregates with good frost resistance are able to withstand the freeze-thaw cycles without significant damage, which is crucial for maintaining the structural integrity of the pavement.

Resistance to abrasion and polishing is another physical property that’s important for the performance of the asphalt mixture. Aggregates that are highly resistant to abrasion and polishing can help to maintain the skid resistance of the pavement, which is crucial for ensuring the safety of road users.

Aggregates with a high absorption capacity can lead to excess binder in the mix, which can result in reduced durability and increased susceptibility to cracking.

The quality and composition of asphalt mixtures are heavily influenced by the aggregate content, which makes up a significant percentage of the overall mixture. Coarse and fine aggregates play a crucial role in determining the performance and durability of the pavement system when hot-mix asphalt is applied.

What Is the Aggregate Content of Asphalt?

The aggregate content of asphalt plays a crucial role in determining the overall performance and durability of the pavement system. Aggregates account for a significant percentage, typically around 94-95 percent by weight, of the hot-mix asphalt (HMA) mixtures. These aggregates consist of a combination of coarse and fine particles, each with it’s own unique properties and characteristics.

Coarse aggregates, which are larger in size, provide strength and stability to the asphalt mixture. These aggregates are typically made up of crushed stone, gravel, or slag. Their primary function is to resist the applied loads, such as traffic and environmental factors, and distribute them evenly across the pavement surface.

Moreover, aggregate specifications also help in achieving consistency and uniformity in asphalt mixtures. They provide guidelines for selecting suitable aggregate sources and establishing quality control measures during the production and installation processes. Compliance with these specifications is crucial to ensure the reliability and performance of the pavement system over it’s design life.

Types of Coarse Aggregates Used in Asphalt Mixtures: This Section Can Provide a Detailed Explanation of the Different Types of Coarse Aggregates Commonly Used in Asphalt Mixtures, Including Their Properties, Advantages, and Disadvantages.

Coarse aggregates are an essential component of asphalt mixtures, providing strength and stability to the final pavement. There are several types of coarse aggregates commonly used in asphalt mixtures, each with it’s own unique properties, advantages, and disadvantages.

One commonly used type of coarse aggregate is crushed stone. Crushed stone is durable and provides excellent strength and load-bearing capacity to the asphalt mixture. It’s available in various sizes and can be produced from different rock types, such as granite, limestone, and basalt.

Another type of coarse aggregate used in asphalt mixtures is gravel. Gravel is typically rounded or angular in shape and is made from natural deposits. It offers good skid resistance and drainage properties.

Sand is also sometimes used as a coarse aggregate in asphalt mixtures. It’s finer in texture compared to crushed stone or gravel and helps improve workability and compaction of the asphalt mixture.

When selecting a coarse aggregate for an asphalt mixture, factors such as gradation, particle shape, and surface texture need to be considered. The aggregate should have a good interlocking ability with the asphalt binder to ensure a strong and durable pavement.

Overall, understanding the different types of coarse aggregates and their properties is crucial for designing asphalt mixtures that meet the desired performance requirements.


Asphalt, a black, sticky, and viscous material, offers exceptional properties that make it invaluable for various applications. By combining bitumen and aggregate, it becomes a versatile paving material known for it’s durability, flexibility, and resistance to wear and tear. Beyond roadways, asphalt can be utilized in constructing roofs, sidewalks, and parking lots, further highlighting it’s widespread utility.

What Are the Properties of Asphalt?

Asphalt has various essential properties that make it an ideal material for construction projects. One of the significant aspects of asphalt is it’s durability. It can withstand heavy loads, constant traffic, and various weather conditions. This makes it suitable for roads and highways, where it’s subjected to intense pressure and temperature changes.

Additionally, asphalt is known for it’s flexibility. It’s the ability to expand and contract without cracking or breaking. This flexibility is crucial in areas where the ground tends to shift or settle, as it prevents any significant damage to the pavement. Moreover, it also allows for easy maintenance and repairs, as sections of the asphalt can be easily replaced if necessary.

Furthermore, asphalt has excellent waterproofing characteristics. It acts as a barrier, preventing water from penetrating the surface and causing damage to the underlying layers. This is particularly important for areas with high precipitation or for projects such as roofing, where water infiltration can lead to structural issues.

Lastly, the composition of asphalt allows for easy customization. By adjusting the combination of bitumen and aggregate, the properties of the asphalt can be tailored to specific requirements. This versatility makes it suitable for a wide range of applications, from low-traffic residential roads to high-traffic highways.

Understanding these properties and utilizing them effectively can ensure the successful implementation of asphalt in different applications, as specified in the Asphalt Aggregate Specification Chart.

Different Types of Asphalt Mixtures and Their Ideal Applications

  • Hot Mix Asphalt (HMA) – Ideal for high-traffic roads and highways.
  • Warm Mix Asphalt (WMA) – Ideal for low-temperature paving and reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
  • Cold Mix Asphalt – Ideal for temporary roads and repairs, doesn’t require heating.
  • Stone Mastic Asphalt (SMA) – Ideal for heavily trafficked areas, provides durability and skid resistance.
  • Porous Asphalt – Ideal for managing stormwater runoff and preventing water accumulation on roads.
  • High RAP Asphalt (Reclaimed Asphalt Pavement) – Ideal for sustainable paving, reduces the need for new aggregates.
  • Quiet Asphalt – Ideal for reducing traffic noise in residential areas and near schools.
  • Rubberized Asphalt – Ideal for improving pavement flexibility and reducing road noise.

Now, let’s move on to G3, which is a unique combination of single-sized aggregates. Unlike G1 and G2, which are made up of larger-sized and well graded aggregates, G3 consists of binary blended single-sized aggregates: 30% of 10 mm and 70% of 4.75 mm. This composition gives G3 it’s distinct characteristics and sets it apart from the other mixtures.

What Size Aggregate Is G3?

When it comes to asphalt aggregate specifications, understanding the different aggregate sizes is crucial. One commonly used aggregate size in asphalt mixtures is G3, which stands for Grade 3.

To better comprehend what G3 entails, it’s important to be familiar with the other grades as well. These grades consist of larger-sized and well-graded aggregates, meaning they’re composed of various sizes to ensure a balanced distribution. On the other hand, G4 and G5 consist of natural fines in proportions of 5% and 10%, respectively. These fines refer to smaller-sized particles that help fill voids between larger aggregates.

The Recommended Applications for Using G3 Aggregate in Asphalt Mixtures.

  • Highway construction
  • Road resurfacing
  • Driveway paving
  • Airport runways
  • Parking lots
  • Bridge decks
  • Road rehabilitation
  • Taxiways
  • Intersections
  • Industrial pavements

The grading of aggregates plays a crucial role in determining the quality and performance of concrete and other construction materials. It involves analyzing the distribution of particle sizes within an aggregate sample. A well-graded aggregate consists of particles of various sizes, ensuring better packing and enhancing the overall strength and workability of the material. This comprehensive grading approach ensures that every particle size is adequately represented, resulting in a more durable and efficient construction product.

What Is the Grading of Aggregates?

What’s the grading of aggregates? Summary. A well graded aggregate will have a good range of particle sizes and will have a fair representation from every size of particle. This is important in the construction industry as it ensures that the aggregates used in projects such as asphalt mixtures are able to provide the necessary strength and durability.

The grading of aggregates is typically determined through a process called sieve analysis, which involves passing the aggregate through a series of sieves with different mesh sizes. The results of the sieve analysis are then used to determine the percentage of each size fraction in the aggregate.

This ensures that the aggregate is able to fill in the voids between the larger particles, providing a more dense and stable material.

In addition to particle size distribution, the grading of aggregates also takes into consideration the shape of the particles. Angular and cubical shaped particles are preferred over rounded particles, as they provide better interlocking and bonding, resulting in a stronger aggregate.

Comparison of Different Grading Systems Used for Aggregate Classification

  • Grade point average (GPA)
  • Percentage-based grading
  • Letter grading
  • Pass/Fail grading
  • Numeric grading
  • Weighted grading
  • Norm-referenced grading
  • Criterion-referenced grading


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